The territory of modern Kyrgyzstan was occupied at different times, lots of troops as those of Djingis Khan, crossed the region.
The first people have been living here about thousands years ago - the up to 5000-year-old stone inscriptions and the 3000-year-old town of Osh support this fact. The nomadic people of the Kyrgyz first appeared here about 2000 years ago and they are one of the oldest of Central Asia. They went south, coming from the Siberian region Yenisey and established the Kyrgyz Khanate at the beginning of the first millennium.
In the 6th century some Turkic tribes came together into the Karakhanid Khanate. One of the most important and flourishing cities was the town of Balasagun. And nowadays you can still visit the Burana-tower - part of fortress in the centre of the ancient city takes only 1 hour drive from Bishkek.
Later, in the 13th century, the powerful Karakhanid statehood was conquered by Djingis Khan, who then established the Mongol Khanate. After the emperor Mongke's death the Khanate was split up into many small counties, and the territory of Kyrgyzstan fell under the dominance of the Chagatai Khanate.
Later, this region was shifted by the Kokand Khanate, dominated by Uzbeks. But after a flourishing in the years 1873 - 1874 the region fell under dominance of the Russian Empire. And later since 1936 it became one of the Soviet republics of the Soviet Union.
In 1991, the country received its independence and since then is known as the Kyrgyz Republic